Dr Aprajita gave her Tiffin Talk on the subject "Managing Diversities in Federations: Natural Resource Issues in Australia, Brazil and India". The rationale for the choice of these three countries was that all of them are federal, resource-rich and have gone through periods of boom and bust. Ownership and management of resources have been controversial issues in these countries.
Although the federations have tried to address the concerns of both vertical and horizontal imbalances proficiently, some worrying areas remain. Indian Constitution believed that the federal structure could provide both self and shared rule for building on and accommodating multi-dimensional and multicultural diversities. Under the Australian Constitution, responsibility for the legislative and administrative framework for natural resources management lies with the State and Territory governments, who in turn have devolved some responsibilities relating to land use and development planning to local governments.
Brazil, apart from recognising the role of Federal and State governments in natural resource management, has tried to establish the right of Indigenous peoples to permanent sovereignty over natural resources.
As a general perception federal practices in Brazil, India and Australia manage diversity by assimilating the aspirations of local, provincial and federal governments. This talk will aim to compare federal practices related to Natural Resource Management in Australia, Brazil and India. The manner of resource sharing; the political considerations underlying compensation to resource-bearing states and the efficacy of present mechanisms were specific thrust areas of the talk.
About the Lecturer:
Dr. Aprajita has around twelve years of research experience on different aspects of polity, governance, federalism and environment. She pursued her Masters and M.Phil from the School of International Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, Delhi. Her PhD thesis on the theme “Brazil’s Environmental Policy and Programmes in the Amazon Region” demonstrated how the country’s unique federal polity had an impact on environmental policies and programs.
For the last five and a half years she has been working as an Assistant Professor at the University School of Law and Legal Studies, GGSIPU teaching theories of Political Science, International Relations, and Comparative Politics to the students of a five-year integrated law program. Teaching Environmental Management to students of the Post Graduate Management Program at the Institute of Management and Technology Ghaziabad facilitated a grounding in the important area of environment. In addition to her professional accomplishments, she has to her credit a number of publications and conference papers on environment and politics in India and Latin America.