The big steps in intelligence reform in India had been taken in 2001, following the Group of Ministers’ report on national security, which in turn had been occasioned by the intelligence failure leading to the Kargil war of 1999.
In the ensuing decade, the intelligence community sought to implement the recommendations of the GoM’s 2001 recommendations with varying degrees of success. Poor apex management, infighting and turf battles hampered the system. Indeed, the intelligence failures associated with the Mumbai attack of 2008 brought out just how much further more India had to travel to get an effective intelligence system on the ground.
Counter Terrorism is just one of the challenges Indian intelligence confronts in the coming decade. The changes wrought by Information and Communications Technology (ICT) and the Internet, the consequences of the phenomenal rise of China, the transmuting Islamist threat, must all be dealt with.
This requires revitalising existing structures, newer innovations and practices, better recruitment and management policies and so on.