Much has been written about a “New” India, which is a cumulative and tumultuous experience of the ongoing shifts and tensions in the economy, society, the collective and individual consciousness, and expectations. However, the content of this new India remains undefined and contested, constantly pulled and pushed by the multiple forces of the past and its unformed future. India’s history and its immediate destiny are redefined and reinvented in the present with an “authentic” vernacular view that crosses, melds, and interacts with an increasingly “global and modernist” one. The net result is a “New” India that presents an ensemble of myths, realities, and ideals that are neither static nor settled. In this research symposium, three scholars critically examine different social sites of a “New” India with an interdisciplinary, historical, and humanistic ways.